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Albert M. Quirantes | Miami Criminal Defense Lawyer Office

What Happens After an Indictment in Florida?



An indictment marks a significant phase in the criminal justice process, signaling the formal charge of a serious crime. In Florida, understanding the steps following an indictment is crucial for navigating the legal system effectively and preparing for what lies ahead. Here’s a comprehensive overview of the process and what individuals can expect after being indicted in the Sunshine State.


1. The Grand Jury Process

Before an indictment, a grand jury is convened to review evidence presented by the prosecution to determine whether there is sufficient cause to charge an individual with a felony. This process is held in secret, without the presence or participation of the accused or their defense attorney. If the grand jury finds probable cause, it will issue an indictment, formally charging the individual with a crime.


2. First Appearance and Arraignment

Following an indictment, the accused will be required to make a first appearance in court if they are not already in custody. This usually occurs within 24 hours of the arrest. Subsequently, an arraignment is scheduled, where the defendant is formally read the charges and asked to enter a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest. It’s crucial to have legal representation at this stage to ensure that your rights are protected and to begin crafting a defense strategy.


3. Pre-Trial Motions and Discovery

After the arraignment, the pre-trial phase begins. During this period, both the defense and the prosecution engage in discovery, exchanging evidence and information relevant to the case. Pre-trial motions may also be filed by either party to address specific legal issues, such as suppressing evidence or dismissing charges. This phase is pivotal for developing a defense, as it provides insight into the prosecution’s case and identifies potential legal challenges.


4. Plea Bargaining

In many cases, plea bargaining occurs after an indictment. This involves negotiations between the defense and prosecution, where the defendant may agree to plead guilty to a lesser charge in exchange for a more lenient sentence or the dropping of other charges. An experienced attorney can negotiate on your behalf to achieve the most favorable outcome.


5. Trial

If a plea agreement is not reached, the case proceeds to trial. In Florida, the defendant has the right to a trial by jury for felony charges. The trial is a critical stage where both sides present their evidence and arguments, and the jury determines the defendant’s guilt or innocence. A skilled defense attorney can make a significant difference in the trial’s outcome through effective advocacy and strategic legal arguments.


6. Sentencing

If the trial results in a conviction, a sentencing hearing will be scheduled. The judge will consider various factors, including the nature of the crime, the defendant’s criminal history, and any mitigating circumstances, before imposing a sentence. Sentences can range from fines and probation to imprisonment, depending on the severity of the offense.


7. Appeals

Following a conviction, the defendant has the right to appeal the verdict or sentence. An appeal is not a new trial but a review of the trial court’s proceedings to identify any legal errors that could have affected the outcome. This step requires the expertise of an attorney experienced in appellate law.


An indictment in Florida initiates a complex legal process that can have profound implications on an individual’s life. Navigating this process requires a deep understanding of the law, meticulous preparation, and a robust defense strategy. At Albert Quirantes Esq. Criminal DUI & Ticket Lawyers, we are committed to defending the rights of the accused at every stage of the criminal justice process, from indictment to trial and beyond. If you or a loved one has been indicted, contact us at (305) 644-1800 for dedicated legal support.


Facing legal challenges can be daunting, but knowing what to expect can provide some clarity and direction. If you have more questions or need further assistance, don’t hesitate to reach out.





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